• Stafford Timm posted an update 4 months, 3 weeks ago

    As a new parent, you are most likely very excited and also very nervous to bring home your newborn baby. It is natural to be nervous, but the newborn is a completely different story! Here is a look at the most common concerns new parents have. Learning to recognize these concerns and how to help your newborn feel better are essential parts of ensuring a healthy Neonate. We have compiled a list of common questions and concerns and answered them.

    Respiratory system

    The respiratory system of the neonate develops in two distinct stages. In the first stage, tidal breathing, airway diameter decreases and elastic recoil of the lung increases. During the second phase, airway diameter increases again until adolescence. As a result, respiratory resistance is significantly increased, and is inversely proportional to airway radius. The infant diaphragm functions less efficiently due to its highly compliant chest wall and horizontal insertion at the rib cage.

    To assess respiratory muscle function in the newborn, a thorough examination is required. The infant should be examined at the time of delivery to identify any abnormalities. During the examination, it is essential to note infants’ respiration, rate, and nature. Asphyxia is not a disease, it is rather a failure of the respiratory system to adapt to extrauterine life. However, the narrow view of respiratory distress syndrome has masked the real cause of this syndrome.

    Transient tachypnoea, also known as TTN, is a respiratory disorder that affects the newborn. The problem results from inadequate clearance of lung fluids during birth. Initial symptoms of TTN may resemble those of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS), pneumonia, and persistent pulmonary hypertension. A high PIP should be avoided in neonates, as this can result in lung injury. And while these interventions may increase lung volume, they may also increase the risk of air leaks and volutrauma.

    Hearing

    If your newborn’s hearing screening test comes back normal, your newborn may not need further treatment. However, if your baby is readmitted to the hospital or develops a risk factor for hearing loss during their stay, your doctor will rescreen them. Depending on your state’s laws, you can decline to have your baby’s hearing assessed. To decline the test, you will be asked to sign a consent form. However, it is important to get all the information regarding the newborn hearing screening test, regardless of your decision.

    Early diagnosis of HL can benefit the infant’s cognitive and linguistic development. However, the diagnostic accuracy of neonatal hearing tests is limited, which may explain the lack of consistent results in adult studies. Although the results of neonatal hearing tests are not entirely consistent with those of adults, some studies suggest that morphological differences in the external ear canal may contribute to this problem. The most effective diagnostic methods are based on age-appropriate behavioral techniques.

    The most common method of audiological evaluation is the ABR. It is still the gold standard for newborns, and is used to assess hearing thresholds until the child is six months old corrected. However, the more time-consuming and costly ASSRs are not commonly used in current practice. Therefore, the gold standard for hearing testing in neonates is a combined evaluation of ABR and OAE. The results of this study suggest that newborns can successfully undergo both methods.

    Vision

    Human vision develops after birth and comprises an elaborate system of neural circuits and an eye. Though fully functional at birth, the human visual system is immature. Newborns can perceive changes in brightness, identify kinetic and stationary objects, and follow moving objects within their visual fields. In addition, the infant visual system has a number of areas that are not fully developed, but which are able to undergo physical improvement. Listed below are the key stages of visual development in neonates.

    The eyesight of babies is not fully developed, which limits their ability to recognize objects and distinguish between two different targets. Their primary focus is on the parent’s face. However, as they develop and reach for objects, they develop their eye-hand coordination. They also begin tracking and reaching for moving objects around eight weeks old. Ultimately, vision in neonates develops in stages, with the first milestones reaching a newborn’s hands.

    A better understanding of the development of the visual system can lead to better medical treatments for children and infants. Developing timelines of visual perception development can shed light on developmental abnormalities that can impair optimal sensory growth. A new study published in the American Journal of Ophthalmology, for example, provides insight into the developmental stages of visual perception. There is currently no cure for ROP, but early treatment can improve the odds for preserving the newborn’s vision.

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